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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

1 edition of Air pollutant monitoring for the East Bay Children"s Respiratory Health Study found in the catalog.

Air pollutant monitoring for the East Bay Children"s Respiratory Health Study

Air pollutant monitoring for the East Bay Children"s Respiratory Health Study

final project report, OEHHA agreement no. 00-E0018

  • 13 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment in [Oakland, Calif.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Air -- Pollution -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area -- Measurement.,
  • Air -- Pollution -- Health aspects -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area.,
  • Children -- Health and hygiene -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBrett C. Singer, Toshifumi Hotchi, and Alfred T. Hodgson.
    ContributionsCalifornia Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23066572M

    This report describes the methodology and presents the summary results of the air pollutant monitoring program conducted by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in support of the East Bay Children's Respiratory Health Study. The full study is examining the effects of chronic exposure to traffic-related pollutants on respiratory health among.   1. Background. Ambient air pollution plays an important role in a large spectrum of health disorders. The World Health Organization estimates that 22% of global death and disability can be attributed to environmental factors (Prüss-Ustün et al., ).Ambient air pollution accounts for an estimated 8% of the portion of disease burden for respiratory .

      The simple act of breathing has been a challenge for residents of the Glades, a small rural community in Palm Beach County, Florida, for as long as year-old Kil’mari Phillips can remember. In. Abstract: Outdoor air pollution is one of the leading contributors to adverse respiratory health outcomes in urban areas around the world. Children are highly sensitive to the adverse effects of air pollution due to their rapidly growing lungs, incomplete immune and metabolic functions, patterns of ventilation and high levels of outdoor activity.

    The database contains results of urban outdoor air pollution monitoring from almost cities in 91 countries. Air quality is represented by annual mean concentration of fine particulate matter (PM10 and PM, i.e. particles smaller than 10 or microns).   Shima M., Nitta Y., and Adachi M. Traffic-related air pollution and respiratory symptoms in children living along trunk roads in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. J Epidemiol 3 (2): – Article.


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Air pollutant monitoring for the East Bay Children"s Respiratory Health Study Download PDF EPUB FB2

Moreover, in this respect, this study is comparable with other epidemiologic investigations (e.g., the Harvard Six Cities Study and the Children's Health Study in Southern California) (n = 12 communities).

Another recent cross-sectional study of traffic-related air pollution and respiratory symptoms included 13 schools (18, 22, 23).Cited by: Technical Report: Air pollutant monitoring for the East Bay Children's Respiratory Health Study. Kim JJ, Smorodinsky S, Lipsett M, Singer BC, Hodgson AT, Ostro B.

Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads: the East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study. Am J Resp Crit Care Med. ; – Kulkarni N, Pierse N, Rushton L, Grigg J. Carbon in airway macrophages and lung function in children.

N Engl J Med. ; –Cited by: Air pollutant monitoring for the East Bay Children's Respiratory Health Study. Author(s): Singer, Brett C. Hotchi, Toshifumi; Hodgson, Alfred T. et al. Main Content Metrics Author & Article Info. Main Content. Download PDF to View View Larger. Thumbnails Document Outline Attachments.

by: 1. BibTeX @MISC{Kim_title:traffic-related, author = {Janice J. Kim and Svetlana Smorodinsky and Michael Lipsett and Brett C.

Singer and Alfred T and Hodgson Bart Ostro}, title = {Title: Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads: the East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study Authors and Affiliations}, year = {}}. Kim JJ, Smorodinsky S, Lipsett M, Singer BC, Hodgson AT, Ostro B.

Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads: the East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. ; (5)– Children's Health Study (ContractCompleted in ) The Children's Health Study was a prospective study of about 6, children living in 12 Southern California communities with varying ambient air pollution profiles.

The primary purpose of the study was to determine whether air pollution causes chronic adverse respiratory health effects. This report summarizes the latest scientific knowledge on the links between exposure to air pollution and adverse health effects in children.

It is intended to inform and motivate individual and collective action by health care professionals to prevent damage to children’s health from exposure to air pollution.

Air pollution is a major environmental health threat. Background. Air pollution is a major public health threat, particularly in urban areas with high traffic [].Current scientific evidence has demonstrated a potential association between urban air pollutants and adverse health effects, particularly those that affect the respiratory and cardio-vascular systems [4,5].Children, the elderly and subjects suffering.

Abstract. Urban air pollutants cause a wide range of acute and chronic effects on the respiratory system of children that can be devastating.

In this study, the respiratory health of children was assessed in the capital city of India where the level of air pollution is much above the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

Children’s exposure to air pollution is a special concern because their immune system and lungs are not fully developed when exposure begins, raising the possibility of different responses than seen in adults. In addition, children spend more time outside, where the concentrations of pollution from traffic, powerplants, and other combustion sources are generally higher.

The top panel of Table 1 summarizes overall pollution. For the period –, average CO for urban and suburban areas in England was mg per cubic meter (mg/m 3).Average PM10 and average O3 were and micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m 3), perspective, UK health-based air quality regulations were based in part on.

1. Introduction. The prevalence of asthma has increased over the past decades making it the most common chronic illness in children (Anandan et al.,World Health Organization, a), and the most common cause of pediatric hospitalizations in the U.S. accounting for million missed school days per year (Mansour et al., ).Simultaneously, air pollution.

Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads: the East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med (5) Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar; Lin S, Munsie JP, Hwang SA, Fitzgerald E, Cayo MR.

Childhood asthma hospitalization and residential exposure to state route traffic. Additionally, many of these studies were conducted in areas with moderate or high levels of regional air pollution.

We conducted the East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study (EBCRHS) in the San Francisco Bay Area, California, a highly urbanized region of the United States where traffic is the major source of air pollution. Kim JJ, Smorodinsky S, Lipsett M, Singer BC, Hodgson AT, Ostro B: Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads: The East Bay children's respiratory health study.

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. /rccmOC. Article Google Scholar. Searching, PubMed (accessed Nov. 10, ) for “Air pollution” and “Health” resulted in 26, citations. Since the Meuse Valley episode in Belgium, Donora and the London fog of. Research linking air pollution with morbidity and mortality indicates the strongest effects on the very young and the elderly.

Higher infant and early childhood mortality has been associated with elevated ambient particle concentrations in Brazil (Penna and Duchiade ), Taiwan (Knobel et al.

), the Czech Republic (Bobak and Leon ), the United States (Woodruff et al. Kim JJ, Smorodinsky S, Lipsett M, Singer BC, Hodgson AT, Ostro B. Traffic-related air pollution near busy roads: the East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. BAY AREA / Respiratory ills in kids linked to traffic pollution busy roads may pose a health risk to children.

By monitoring air and surveying the health of 1, Bay Area pupils, researchers. Air pollution can cause respiratory symptoms or exacerbate pre-existing respiratory diseases, especially in children. This study looked at the short-term association of air pollution concentrations with Emergency Room (ER) admissions for respiratory reasons in pediatric age (0–18 years).

Daily number of ER admissions in a children’s Hospital. Traffic pollution and children's health: refining estimates of exposure for the East Bay children's respiratory health study (Contract ) This study used a database developed from an examination of air pollutants, including particulate matter, black carbon, and nitrogen oxides, in an epidemiological study to examine respiratory health.East Bay Children’s Respiratory Health Study area.

The study region is to the east and across the bay from the city of San Francisco. in the fall (September–November) of NO X and NO 2 were sampled during all weeks at each school.

PM 10 and PM and the BC concentrations were not measured every week. Study-averaged air pollution.